You can certify a common union in Colombia, or conduct a civil marriage, at your local notary. Colombian notaries are similar to the clerk of court office in the United States. Large cities like Medellin and Bogota have many notaries and finding one is relatively easy, but you need to be very careful in selecting a reputable one (we have long standing relationships with many notaries). Notaries also store many public documents for marriages and divorces.
Before a marriage in Colombia takes place, notaries need to verificate the Colombian birth certificate for single status. Legal eligibility to marry is determined by examination of Colombian nationals birth certificate by notaries and judges. Full versions of Colombian citizen’s birth certificates note current marriages and divorces.
A citizen of Colombia cannot be married to a foreigner (in Colombia) if their birth certificate still shows them as being married to another person. This is how Colombia tries to keep people from being married to more than one person at the same time. In turn, when foreigners get married in Colombia they need to prove they are single (by providing a variety of documents) before the marriage license is approved.
Special requirements for couples with children who will be getting married! As for the declaration of assets for couples with children (INVENTARIO DE BIENES), judges are required to review assets of people who are getting married in order to protect the rights of children and their well-being in the future. The goal is to ascertain which assets belonged to each parent before they began their relationship so the future assets of the children are protected. In order to comply with this requirement, both persons entering into a marriage who already have children must first declare their assets with an attorney for review by a judge, who then must approve their marriage license.
We highly recommend the Civil Union as an alternate to the full marriage as its much cheaper to perform because of less requirements. Before you could avoid presenting the birth certificate to get a civil union at a notary, however now all couples must show a birth certificate for doing a civil union. The civil union, similar to common law marriege in the USA, is still much faster and easier because you do not have to worry about showing proof that you are single from a foreign country. If you have minors you do not have to worry about the declaration of assets either.
For immigration purposes in Colombia the civil union (union marital de hecho), is sufficient to obtain a 3 year marriage visa in Colombia. For immigration reasons to most developed countries such as Canada or the United States of America, you will need a full marriage to qualify for spouse residency visas!
If you have problems obtaining proof that you are single f0r marriage in Colombia please contact us. Our attorneys and bilingual staff can help facilitate this process. Schedule an initial consultation today for more information! Initial consultations are free if you continue with one of our legal or visa processes related to your initial consultation!
With CL&A’s asssitance, you will have attorneys reviewing thoroughly the Colombian marriage process with the utmost care.
Costs for Colombian Marriage Visa
Legal Services Package for Colombian Marriage & Visa
$300 USD Attorney Fees for Marriage or Civil Union
& Marriage Visa Application
Apostilles, Translations, Legalizations
75 – 125 USD (Marriage Certificate with Apostille for example)
Consular Messenger, Mail, and Notary Fees
$50 USD at the notary
$50 USD Consular Messenger Services
$20 USD Express Mail Services